How To Build A Homemade Hydroponic System

Hydroponic gardening has been around for hundreds of years, but it’s only recently become popular in the United States. 

Hydroponics is a system of growing plants without soil and instead using a nutrient-rich water solution. 

This system allows gardeners to grow their plants more efficiently and with less effort than traditional gardening methods.

DIY | How To Build Your Own Hydroponics System
Tips for Building a Hydroponic System at Home
Hydroponic Gardening Can be a Space-Saving Option
Root Rot is a Common Problem in Hydroponic Gardening
Nutrient Levels are Crucial in Hydroponic Gardening
Growing Lettuce is Easy in a Hydroponic System

The Necessities

Now that you’ve gotten your hands dirty, it’s time to make sure you’re prepared for the next steps. 

As we mentioned earlier, hydroponic systems are fairly easy to build and maintain. But there are some necessities that will help ensure your success with this project:

A reservoir is an important part of any hydroponic system. This is where plants will grow and where nutrients are added for growth. 

The ideal size for a reservoir depends on how many plants and the type of growing medium being used if using gravel or another small-sized growing medium, choose a smaller size than if using expanded clay balls or other larger mediums like rock wool cubes.

A pump moves water from one place in your system (where it’s stored) to another place (where it drains out). 

Find one that can move enough water at once so as not to overload your pump with too much resistance from silt buildup.

Make sure it has an appropriate wattage rating (100 watts per gallon/4 liters) so as not overheat during operation.

Nutrient solution will provide nutrients for plant growth as well as keep pH levels within acceptable ranges of 5-6 when mixed with distilled water alone.

You’ll need a timer so that you don’t forget about adding nutrient solution every now and then! If using different types of plants together remember they may have different needs; check out this article on plant nutrition by Cornell University Extension Service 

Adding nutrients is a crucial step in hydroponic gardening. Check out our guide on how to add nutrients to your hydroponic system for tips on which nutrients to use and when to add them.

The Deep Water Culture System

The Deep Water Culture System is one of the most popular and easy to set up hydroponic systems. This system is also known as “DWC” or “Deep Water Culture”.

This system requires less space than other systems and can be done in a small container such as a 5 gallon bucket, but it also has limitations on how much you can grow your plants in one container at a time.

The DWC doesn’t require any pumps, but it does require light so you’ll need to place this directly under your grow lights. 

The water will rise up from the bottom until there is no more CO2 left inside that bottle then it will overflow out of the top into another bottle (one that’s already filled with nutrient solution). 

As long as there’s enough room for air exchange underneath each plant all should be well!

The Nutrient Film Technique System

You may have heard of the NFT method and how it’s different from other hydroponic methods. This is because it’s a little different than your typical water culture system. 

In an NFT system, roots are suspended in the air in a shallow tray where they’re constantly submerged in a thin film of nutrient solution. 

The roots are then pumped from a reservoir to growing medium where they absorb nutrients before flowing back into the reservoir at the bottom of your growing container. 

The solution flows around each plant so that everything gets equal amounts of oxygenated water at all times!

The great thing about using this type of system for your plants is that there’s no need for any additional fertilizers because you’re giving them exactly what they need without wasting anything along the way!

Root rot can be a major issue in hydroponic gardening, but there are ways to prevent it. Read our guide on how to avoid root rot in hydroponics for expert tips on keeping your plants healthy.

The Wick System

The wick system is a very simple method of hydroponic gardening. The wick is responsible for bringing water from the reservoir up to your plant’s roots, so it’s essential that you have the right materials and tools to build one.

The first thing you’ll need is a container with holes in the bottom that are large enough for water to flow through, but small enough to stop any soil or gravel from falling out. 

Make sure these holes are located towards the bottom of your container; otherwise, they will prevent adequate drainage on this side as well as leaving your plants vulnerable when they reach their full height!

The EBB and Flow System

An ebb and flow system is a type of hydroponic system that provides plants with their nutrients through the use of trays or net pots. 

These trays are filled with water, which slowly drains down through a medium such as gravel or perlite, then back into the reservoir for the next cycle. 

The ebb and flow system requires less attention than other hydroponic systems because it operates on its own throughout the day, so it’s an ideal choice if you want to get away from your plants for a few hours during the day (or even overnight).

Ebb-and-flow systems can be used in many different applications:

  • Greenhouse crops – Growing lettuce or herbs outdoors all year long? An ebb-and-flow system could help make sure they’re getting enough water.
  • Indoor houseplants – If you’ve got some pretty houseplants but don’t want to take care of them too much, giving them an ebb-and-flow setup may be just what they need!
  • Aquaculture tanks – Fish tanks also benefit from an ebb-and-flow system; this type of watering method is especially effective for keeping betta fish alive for longer than usual!

 Interested in building an indoor hydroponic garden? Our easy-to-follow guide covers everything you need to know, from choosing the right plants to setting up your system.

The Drip System

The drip system is the most common hydroponic growing method. It’s also the most affordable, which makes it a great option for beginners. You can make your own drip system by following these steps:

  • Buy a pump and timer that are compatible with each other.
  • Buy PVC pipe and fittings to connect everything together.
  • Connect your pots to the pipes using PVC elbows, T joints and end caps as needed – this will keep them from falling over when you start watering!

Once you have all of your supplies together, begin setting up your system by filling one of those buckets about halfway with water (this will be used as reservoir), then connecting the pump’s output tube into it using an elbow fitting. 

This will allow you to use this bucket as storage while also keeping any plants too tall out of reach while they grow! 

Next, use another elbow fitting on top of where these two tubes meet so that they’re facing each other in opposite directions   this allows them both access but prevents any spillage when we move them later on down below our growing media tray surface area where we want things like nutrients or roots exposed directly underneath our lights instead! 

You should notice small bubbles coming out after attaching these pieces together; if not then check again until they appear consistently before continuing onto next step…

The Aeroponic System

The aeroponic system works by suspending the plant roots in air, while spraying them with a nutrient solution. 

This is done with an atomizer that sprays a fine mist onto the roots of your plants. The advantage of this system is that it allows for maximum absorption of nutrients and water by your plants, which means you can grow more plants in less space than other systems.

To create your own aeroponic system, you need:

  • A container to hold your water, such as a bucket or tub
  • An air pump (the size depends on how big you want your system to be)
  • Two hoses (one for air and one for nutrient solution)
  • A sprayer nozzle attachment for hanging over each plant

You will also need to fill up some bottles with nutrient solution and place them near their respective plants so that their roots can absorb them easily without having to travel too far from where they hang down from above the container’s bottom surface area. 

You’ll want these bottles filled about halfway up so there’s plenty of room left inside them so they don’t overflow when sprayed full blast after every few hours or days (depending on how often you plan on doing maintenance).

If you’re looking for a space-saving option for hydroponic gardening, consider building a tower garden. Our step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of creating your own tower garden.

The Bubbleponics System


Bubbleponics is an advanced hydroponic system that combines the growing power of a nutrient solution with the aeration of water bubbles. 

This unique system requires a little extra work upfront, but if you’re looking for fast-growing, nutrient-dense plants that are easy to harvest and maintain, it’s well worth it.

The basic concept behind bubbleponics is simple: your plant roots sit in a container filled with water and nutrients, while air stones pump air down through the water and into root zone where they provide oxygen for healthy growth. 

The plants sit on top of mesh netting so that any excess nutrients or water can drain off into another container below them (or back into their original base). 

This ensures that everything stays nice and tidy throughout every stage of growth—you won’t have to worry about flooding or overfeeding your plants!

Using Bamboo For Hydroponic Systems

Bamboo is an ideal material for a hydroponic system. It’s cheap and easy to grow, and it can be used in a variety of ways. 

You can use bamboo stakes as a support system for the plants, or you can make them into pots to hold your water supply or media. You could even build your entire system out of bamboo!

Bamboo is made up of hollow tubes that have been filled with air pockets. Those air pockets allow it to grow quickly without much pressure on the structure itself, making it one of the strongest materials on earth per pound weight (some varieties are actually stronger than steel). Most people think bamboo has to be grown in water but that’s not true at all!

Lettuce is one of the easiest crops to grow in a hydroponic system, making it a popular choice for beginners. For a comprehensive guide on building a hydroponic system for lettuce, check out our expert tips on everything from lighting to nutrient levels.

Using PVC Pipe For Hydroponic Systems

If you’re looking for a cheap and easy way to build a hydroponic system, PVC pipe may be the answer. 

This material is inexpensive, lightweight, and easy to work with. It can also be cut to size easily making it perfect for fitting into small spaces.

PVC is made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). This polymer plastic has been used in construction since the 1940s due to its durability and strength at low cost. 

It’s also resistant to oils and chemicals which makes it ideal for use in food handling applications like hydroponic systems because they need regular cleaning but cannot have any metal parts exposed in them (such as screws).

Using Mason Jars And Coconut Coir For Hydroponic Systems

You will need to use two different Mason jars for your system. One of them should be clean and dry, while the other can be used for growing plants. 

You can also opt for any size of mason jar that suits your needs, but generally speaking, larger jars tend to be more effective because they allow more room for roots to grow and give off better yields.

The next step is choosing the right coconut coir for hydroponics systems. Coconut coir is a material made from coconuts that are harvested from natural sources such as trees or plants growing in tropical climates around the world (such as Mexico). 

This material absorbs water very well but still holds onto it enough to provide adequate drainage without needing frequent watering sessions over time – perfect conditions!

Building Hydroponic Systems with Mason Jars and Coconut Coir

Affordable materialsLimited size and capacity
Easy to find and purchaseMay require frequent watering
Lightweight and portableMinimal nutrient storage capacity
Biodegradable medium with good water retentionPotential for mold growth if not properly maintained
Mason jar design allows for easy monitoring of plant growthNot suitable for larger, fruiting plants

Please note that this table is just for demonstration purposes and further research is recommended before constructing a hydroponic system using mason jars and coconut coir at home.

Using Recycled Plastic Bottles For Hydroponic Systems

If you have a drill, you can use it to make holes in the bottom of your plastic bottle. If not, another option is to cut up an old milk jug. 

Either way, ensure that the size of your hole allows for drainage and does not allow too much air circulation or water evaporation (you want your system contained).

The next step involves soaking your bottles in water for 24 hours before placing them on top of each other with soil between them. 

Afterward, cut off the top half of each bottle so they’re all equal height and place them into their respective pots filled with nutrient-rich water.

Building Hydroponic Systems with Recycled Plastic Bottles

Affordable and sustainable materialsLimited size and capacity
Easily accessible in most householdsMay require extra equipment for water circulation and aeration
A variety of bottle sizes and shapes to choose fromMay not be aesthetically pleasing
Lightweight and easy to move aroundPotential for chemical leaching from plastic

Please note that this table is just for demonstration purposes and further research is recommended before constructing a hydroponic system using recycled plastic bottles at home.


Conclusion: In this article, we’ve covered several different approaches and techniques for building a homemade hydroponic system. 

Whether you want to go with one of the simpler options or something more advanced, there are many ways to get started. Whether your goal is to grow plants indoors or outside (a topic we will explore in another blog post), hydroponic systems can be an excellent choice. 

They provide many benefits over traditional soil-based methods such as increased productivity per square foot, reduced stress on your body due to less physical labour involved in tending plants manually rather than mechanically through irrigation channels (and vice versa)

As well as greater flexibility when it comes time for harvesting since no soil needs removing so harvesting can happen at any time!

Further Reading

DIY Hydroponic Systems: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide: This guide from The Spruce features various DIY hydroponic systems and provides detailed instructions for building them.

How to Build a Homemade Hydroponics System: Check out Wikihow’s comprehensive guide to building your own hydroponic system from scratch.

How to Build Your Own Hydroponic System: A Beginner’s Guide: Square Mile Farms provides an easy-to-follow beginner’s guide to building a hydroponic system.


What is hydroponic gardening?

Hydroponic gardening is a method of growing plants without soil. Instead, plants are grown in a nutrient-rich water solution.

What are the benefits of hydroponic gardening?

Hydroponic gardening has many benefits, including faster growth, higher yield, and more precise nutrient control. It also uses less water and space than traditional gardening.

What types of plants can be grown in a hydroponic system?

A wide variety of plants can be grown in a hydroponic system, from leafy greens and herbs to fruiting crops like tomatoes and peppers.

What equipment is needed for hydroponic gardening?

The specific equipment needed will depend on the type of hydroponic system you choose to build, but some common items include a water pump, grow lights, grow trays, and a nutrient solution.

Is hydroponic gardening difficult?

Like any type of gardening, hydroponic gardening can be challenging, but it is also rewarding. With the right knowledge and equipment, anyone can learn how to grow healthy plants using a hydroponic system.